Hybrid Hybrids provide the best of both worlds…

Hybrid Hybrids provide the best of both worlds. A hybrid is a mix of both indica and sativa cannabis varieties. Their effects vary from strain to strain. While the strain may feature traits from both cannabis species, the effects will either be slightly more mental or more physical. The overall high and growth patterns depend on each strain’s unique lineage.

Sativas Looking for some energy Sativa strains provide…

Sativas
Looking for some energy? Sativa strains provide uplifting, clear-headed, and energizing effects. Pick up a sativa when you need daytime focus and inspiration. These plants are tall, wispy, and generally well-adapted to warm climates. Expect late flowering times from these cerebral strains

https://herb.co/cannabis-strains/

Indicas When you need to de stress and…

Indicas
When you need to de-stress and relax, an indica strain will lend a hand. Known for their intense heavy-body effects, you’ll quickly feel your muscles relax and pain ebb away. Indicas are best for nighttime use and are well-suited for indoor growers. These tend to be short, stocky plants native to cooler climates.

https://herb.co/cannabis-strains/

how long you’ll have to abstain from cannabis to pass the standard drug test

Urine: 3 to 77 days (10 to 30 days for regular consumers)
Blood: 1 to 7 days
Hair: 90 days
Saliva: 1 to 7 days
There are a few factors that influence the amount of time it takes to detox. These include:

Your individual metabolism
Frequency of exercise
Body mass index (BMI) (the higher the number, the longer it will take)
How often you consume cannabis
The potency of the cannabis consumed
The amount of cannabis consumed
The parameters of the test

Police Are Creating Fake Accounts To Watch You

Police departments around the U.S. are taking predictive crime prevention to new levels by building fake user accounts on Facebook and other social media sites, reports Cop Block. Local undercover agents pose as members of the community, allowing them to gather personal information about suspects they consider at “high risk” for being involved in “future crime.”

The U.S. Department of Justice has actually published a social media guide for law enforcement officials. According to this document, officers create fraudulent profiles, even though that violates official Facebook policy.

Police departments are also using predictive analytical policing software.This allows them to select local neighborhoods to patrol, based on social networking posts. If people are emotionally upset, for instance, or advertising weed and posting it on social media, the software program labels the neighborhood “high risk,” telling cops to focus on the area.

One police officer said he “was looking for a suspect related to drug charges for over a month. When I looked him up on Facebook and requested him as a friend from a fictitious profile, he accepted” and “he kept ‘checkin in’ everywhere he went, so I was able to track him down very easily,” reports Business Insider.

“Social media is a valuable tool because you are able to see the activities of a target in his comfortable state,” wrote another officer. “Targets brag and post information in reference to travel, hobbies, places visited, appointments, circle of friends, family members, actions, etc.”

The risks of buying weed online

Digital Trends uncharitably called social media drug dealers “The Stupidest People On The Internet.” As evidence for that claim, the site gives several examples of bone-headed moves by Facebook and Instagram-based weed dealers.

“The basic lack of understanding on display here about how the internet works either means a shocking amount of users don’t realize how easy they are to trace, or maybe more likely, that they don’t really care. Instagram nonchalance may be a private investigator’s new best friend,” the site said.

Some of the online dealers are exactly what they seem. They do sell weed locally by using social media for advertising and publicity purposes. And there are people—usually in legal states—willing to ship weed to places where it’s illegal (at a big, black-market profit, of course). A buyer can get in lots of trouble, though, if the cops figure out what’s going on and trace the package to the person’s house.

Being in a legal state doesn’t necessarily offer protection either. A report by CBS Denver showed that Denver police used social media platforms including Facebook, Twitter and Instagram to entrap and bust those who buy weed from anywhere other than the city’s licensed pot shops. The cops also set up pages to pose as buyers in order to catch dealers advertising on social media, reports The Free Thought Project.

Some of the fake social media pages created by police were complete with back stories and photos of grow operations they claimed to own, according to THCU Insider.

Distance between light and plant

Below we have a convenient list for growers to use in checking how far apart they want their plants and lights to be positioned from one another. Make sure temperature never exceed 80 degrees.

Fluorescent light 2 to 4 inch (5-10 cm)
Low-energy light bulb 6 to 6 inch (10-15 cm)
Metal halide lights 250-Watt 8 to 12 inch (20-30 cm)
Metal halide lights 400-Watt 12 to 16 inch (30-40 cm)
HPS standard 250-Watt 8 to 12 inch (20-30 cm)
HPS 400-Watt 12 to 16 inch (30-40 cm)
HPS 600-Watt 20 to 24 inch (50-60 cm)
HPS Agro light 400-Watt 12 to 16 inch (30-40 cm)
HPS Agro light 600-Watt 20 to 24 inch (50-60 cm)
One thing to remember in regards to light and positioning is that you want each plant to receive the maximum benefit possible from the lights. That means smaller or shorter plants should be put closer to a light source than big ones so that they receive equal amounts of light. Although this seems simple, it’s a common oversight for new growers (and sometimes old ones.)

Utilizing this technique also offers a grower the advantage of keeping smaller plants out of the shadows of the larger ones, an issue which would compound the lack of light. If your plants are of similar sizes, it’s not a bad idea to move them or the lights around periodically to help ensure that they are all getting equal shares of the bright stuff.

Treating old soil

How to properly clean your dirty old soil!

Disclaimer: I’d like to say that none of the information provided has been discovered by myself. I just did a lot of research on the subject because of a number of complaints from fellow soil growers about fungus gnat infested soil, moldy soil, problems recycling soil, etc.

INTRODUCTION:
Occasionally everyone gets a bad batch of soil…you all know what I’m talking about. You’re finally ready for your transplant so you open up your bag of rich, organic soil only to find it’s filled with fungus gnats or some other unwelcome pest. Soil-borne fungi and nematodes can be very destructive to your crops, causing seed rot, seedling diseases, and vascular wilts.

TREATMENTS:
There are various ways to treat soil that is infested. The safest and most popular method is Heat Treatment. Various soil fumigants exist which create a toxic environment in the soil and will remain toxic for a few weeks or more depending on what kind of fumigant is used.

“Sterilizing” is actually a misnomer, since complete sterilization would completely eliminate every living thing in the soil, creating a “biological vacuum”. This “vacuum” would then give an accidentally reintroduced disease-causing organisms the opportunity to multiply and spread rapidly, causing a severe disease situation.

Instead, treatments can be used that will eliminate the undesirable organisms, but leave many of the harmless or beneficial soil organisms (called pasteurization). This remaining microbial population will compete with any introduced troublemaker and help prevent it from becoming established and spreading rapidly in the treated soil.

Heat Treatment
Temperature control is CRITICAL when heat treating soils. Overheating or under heating can lead undesirable results. Most disease-causing fungi are killed by a 30-minute treatment at 140°F.

Plant parasitic bacteria, most plant viruses, and soil insects are killed at 160°F for 30 minutes, and most weed seeds between 160° and 180°F for 30 minutes.

Remember: the higher the treatment temperature, the greater the number of beneficial organisms that will also be killed.

DO NOT OVERHEAT! Chemicals toxic to plant growth can be produced in soils when temperatures reach around 212°F (boiling point of water and temperature of steam). This more commonly occurs with soils having high organic matter content. A maximum treatment of 160°F for 30 minutes is suggested.

Oven Method:
Place the soil in containers so that the soil is level, not more than 4 inches deep. A glass or metal baking pan will work fine. Cover each container tightly with aluminum foil. Place a meat or candy thermometer through the foil and into the center of the soil. Set the oven to 160-180°F and heat for 30 minutes after the soil temperature reaches 160°F. After the treatment, allow the soil to cool.

Note: For large amounts of soil it may not be possible to use an oven. Instead you can use the heat of the sun. First break up the soil and make sure it’s moist. If not, water it and cover with a piece of plastic. Add more soil around the edges of the plastic to keep it from coming loose and letting the moisture and heat out. Leave the soil undisturbed under the sun for a few weeks before planting.

Soil Fumigants
There are various products available for use in outdoor plots that can be used when heat treatment is not an option. These products are VERY hazardous and should not be used under any circumstances where you’re plants are already in the plots!

They are for treating unplanted soil and once applied, the area must be covered with a tarp and left. Aeration times vary. Read the label.

Salts
I just put a post in the grow faq about Cation Exchange Capacity. Read the short little part about Sodium buildup. 15% total saturation is considered borderline toxicity. From what I’ve read Clearex is awesome.

Compost
I have seen research suggesting a high beneficial bacteria and micro-organism content helps prevent outbreaks from undesired critters.

The technique your talking about to sterilize compost piles is called solarizing. You can get more information but I’ve heard of just putting clear plastic sheeting over the pile.

DO NOT OVERHEAT! Chemicals toxic to plant growth can be produced in soils when temperatures reach around 212°F (boiling point of water and temperature of steam). This more commonly occurs with soils having high organic matter content. A maximum treatment of 160°F for 30 minutes is suggested.

Organic matter such as humus or clay have high Cation Exchange Capacity. If you’ve ever taken chem 100 you know heat accelerates the release of bonds between ionized metal salts and the medium.