Category Archives: Animal knowledge

Eastern Indigo – Endangered Species

he decline of the eastern indigo snake mirrors the loss of mature long-leaf and pine forests in the South of the US. In recent decades, agricultural and residential development have deforested millions of acres. Surviving stands of forest have also been degraded by suppression of fire or by logging. Large chunks of forest have been logged and replanted with fast-growing pines that can be grown and quickly harvested. These “quick” forests do not support the eastern indigo snake.

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STRIPED SKUNK

Skunk Spray

A skunk’s spray is an oily liquid produced by glands under its large tail. To employ this scent bomb, a skunk turns around and blasts its foe with a foul mist that can travel as far as ten feet.

Behavior

Skunks usually nest in burrows constructed by other animals, but they also live in hollow logs or even abandoned buildings. In colder climates, some skunks may sleep in these nests for several weeks of the chilliest season. Each female gives birth to between two and ten young each year.Skunks are opportunistic eaters with a varied diet. They are nocturnal foragers who eat fruit and plants, insects, larvae, worms, eggs, reptiles, small mammals, and even fish.

Skunk Facts:
Skunks are omnivores, which mean that they eat both plants and animals. They like to eat fruits, insects, worms, reptiles and rodents.
Skunks often attack beehive because they eat honeybees.
Skunks are small animals. They reach 8-19 inches in size and weigh up to 14 pounds.
Two glands near their anus produce smelly substance that is released when animals are threatened. This substance is not harmful for the victims, but they will not be able to get rid of the smell during next couple of days.
Before it sprays the victim, skunk will turn its back, lift its tail, start hissing and stumping with its feet. Those are the warning signs that precede spraying.
Skunk can spray its oily and smelly substance up to 10 feet distance.
Their worst enemies are coyotes, bobcats and owls.
Male skunk is called buck, female – doe, and baby skunk – kit.
Skunks can survive a snake bite.
They have poor eyesight, but they have excellent sense of smell and hearing.
They can run only 10 miles per hour.
During mating season, one male with get in touch with more females.
Pregnancy lasts between 7 and 10 weeks and female gives birth to 2-10 babies. Mother takes care of her babies.
Skunk can transmit rabies.
Skunks live up to 3 years in the wild. They can survive up to 10 years in captivity.

Black Bear Behavior &Black Bear Senses

While bears may defend a food resource or mate while they are present, bears are not territorial. They do not patrol or defend a specific area from intrusion by other bears. Bears respect a certain personal space, but often several animals overlap each other’s living space at different times. A bear’s living space that provides food, water, and adequate cover is called a “home range.”

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THE ACTUAL SIZE OF WOLF PAW PRINTS

The long, mournful howling in the distance easily distinguishes the wolves’ vocalizations from coyotes’ high-pitched, yipping howls and dogs’ barking. In daylight, however, when there’s only a few paw prints to distinguish between the canine species, you may wonder if they’re those of a wolf (Canis lupus), large dog (Canis lupus familiaris) or coyote (Canis latrans).

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THE SIMILARITIES BETWEEN A COYOTE AND A WOLF

Coyotes and wolves are quite different animals. Gray wolves are apex predators, from which few animals in their ranges are safe. Coyotes are smaller canids that historically have preyed upon small game. In some cases, wolves even prey upon coyotes. Despite these overt physical differences, the two species are very closely related. The numerous similarities include their diets, hunting styles and high intelligence

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WHAT ARE THE RED WOLF’S ENEMIES

The word “wolf” alone might be enough to give you an impression of steely determination and pure composure. Despite their tough reputation, however, wolves sometimes have to worry about predators, too. Red wolves (Canis rufus) are trim-bodied members of the family Canidae. Not only do they prey on many animals, they are sometimes the prey, too.

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